Local Information - Prague
Prague, ancient capital of Charles IV's Bohemian Kingdom, has played a pivotal role in the development of Central Europe since the Middle Ages. An epic history has made Prague one of the most beautiful cities in the world and today tourism is a major force.
Prague's city centre comprises four areas, spanning both banks of the Vltava River. On one side: the Old Town with the Old Town Square; the New Town with Wenceslas Square; and, the Jewish Quarter. On the other side: the Lesser Quarter which leads up to Prague Castle.
The main areas close to the city centre are: Hradčany (at the rear of Prague Castle), Vinohrady, Žižkov, Smíchov, Karlín and Vyšehrad.
Prague Castle is the premier Prague tourist attraction. Located on a hill, it offers fine views over the city. There are also excellent views from the following sights and attractions: Old Town Hall Tower, Old Town Bridge Tower, Lesser Town Bridge Tower, Petřín Observation Tower, Jindřišská Tower and Vyšehrad.
Prague tourist guide books often use English names for famous sights. This can be confusing as maps and street signs are nearly always in Czech, a consonant-rich Slavic language, is one of the most difficult European languages to learn. English speakers find some sounds very hard to pronounce. The following Czech translations might be useful:
Old Town = Staré Město
Prague Castle = Pražský Hrad
Charles Bridge = Karlův most
National Theatre = Národní divadlo
Wenceslas Square = Václavské náměstí
Old Town Square = Staroměstské náměstí
Lesser Town = Malá Strana
More about Prague – here